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OSHA Region 3 Kicks Up Construction Industry Hazard Awareness

03 February, 2023

OSHA is pushing awareness to help lower the number of deaths and injuries from the Fatal Four main hazards in the construction industry. With ambitious goals, OSHA is helping construction companies host toolbox talks and wants to help create an open and warm dialogue among all.

From falls from scaffolding to being struck by large equipment, tragically there has been a steady number of fatalities in construction. To help spread awareness and improve injury numbers in construction, Occupational Health and Safety region 3 leader Nick DeJesse is rolling up his sleeves and hitting the pavement. DeJesse stands firm on the philosophy that every injury in construction is preventable. So, he's lined up training over the past month with a list of companies in several states.

Focus Four

OSHA and construction industry partners are rallying in a "Focus Four Hazards" campaign from now through June in OSHA region 3. Nearly 85% of construction work injuries stem from four principal hazards, called the "Fatal Four." These hazards were responsible for well over half (64%) of the construction worker deaths in 2016, according to the Bureau of Labor and Statistics.

  1. OSHA Fatal Four campaign construction death causesFalls: 384 out of 991 total deaths in construction in CY 2016 (39%)
  2. Caught In or Between: 72 (7%)
  3. Struck By: 93 (9%)
  4. Electrocution: 82 (8%)

Region 3's jurisdiction covers Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Virginia, Delaware, and Maryland, as well as Washington D.C. The campaign's goals are an ambitious push to raise awareness in the recognition, evaluation, and control of these hazards through the delivery of toolbox talks for employers to provide their workers. This is done through actively establishing relations with partnerships and alliances. By OSHA region 3 making themselves available, DeJesse said the department has seen an increase in invitations from a variety of companies to help expand on the safety dialogue.

DeJesse says getting everyone involved in the construction safety conversation "helps to add more synergy in the industry." "One of the goals is to raise the level of awareness of electrical hazards," he said. "Each month we cover one topic, provide statistics, identify hazards, and look for ways to eliminate and control them."

Expand Construction Safety Dialogue

Making toolbox talks more of a regular event results in a safe and healthy work site, DeJesse said. "The first 15 minutes of the day are vital," he said, speaking of construction industry talks that should occur each day. OSHA region 3 is stressing to companies and workers to develop a plan to routinely discuss safety training topics. This way, everyone is heard and valued. Along with open dialogue, DeJesse stressed the importance of having a prework inspection when assigning a task and for workers to evaluate the steps of that task while keeping in mind the proper safety controls. "Perform and review that job hazard analysis," he said. This includes following Lockout/Tagout (LO/TO), requiring workers to use the correct PPE, and providing safety oversight for dangerous work, like working in confined spaces. Remind workers about safety practices and communicate hazards throughout the worksite with safety signs and labels that can be seen and understood

"We are the voice of the worker. We have to listen and think beyond compliance," DeJesse said.